U.S. security interests in the Persian Gulf

report of a staff study mission to the Persian Gulf, Middle East, and Horn of Africa, October 21-November 13, 1980 to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives.

Publisher: U.S. G.P.O. in Washington

Written in English
Published: Pages: 102 Downloads: 175
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  • Persian Gulf Region -- Foreign relations. -- United States.,
  • United States -- Foreign relations. -- Persian Gulf Region.,
  • Persian Gulf States -- Foreign relations. -- United States.,
  • United States -- Foreign relations. -- Persian Gulf States.,
  • Middle East -- Foreign relations -- United States.,
  • United States -- Foreign relations -- Middle East.
  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsBerdes, George R., United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs
    The Physical Object
    Paginationx, 102 p. :
    Number of Pages102
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17070913M

Persian Gulf Wars, two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent. The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb., , was an armed conflict between Iraq and a coalition of 39 nations including the United States, Britain, Egypt, France, and Saudi Arabia; 28 nations contributed troops. Although the stability of the Persian Gulf region has been of rising importance since World War II, it was during the s, when the Iran-Iraq War threatened to upset the balance of power in the region, that its importance became even more magnified. This collection of essays surveys the current state of that region, placing into clearer perspective the political, security, and diplomatic. • A more stable security regime would lessen Gulf state dependence on U.S. military presence and create a balance of power in the region more favorable to U.S. interests. Recommendations for U.S. Policy • U.S. engagement in the region should elevate the priority of creating a new multilateral forum on Gulf security issues that includes the GCC.   The Influence of U.S. Policy on Security in the Region: The most effective faucets of U.S. policy in the Persian Gulf are manifest in military alliances with Saudi Arabia and other GCC a decreasing dependency on Middle Eastern oil, a continued U.S. military presence in the Gulf is required to maintain healthy relationships.

  If the U.S. government eliminated its military subsidy for oil in the Persian Gulf, it could decommission approximately five army divisions, five active air wings of the Air Force, five Marine Expeditionary Brigades, and ships, including six aircraft carriers—roughly half of the U.   The U.S. and Iran sparred over oil shipments in the Persian Gulf in the s, a confrontation known as the tanker war. The current tensions . She is a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and her primary research interests include Middle East and Persian Gulf security issues and U.S. foreign policy toward.   National Security Adviser John Bolton released a statement on May 5 announcing that the United States is deploying the U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln aircraft carrier to the Persian Gulf. The action is “to send a clear and unmistakable message to the Iranian regime that any attack on United States interests or on those of our allies [ ].

  The U.S. military maintains a significant presence across the Arabian Peninsula but it must now confront a new and emerging dynamic as most Gulf Cooperation Council countries have begun to diversify their political, economic, and security partnerships with countries other than the United States—with many turning to ascending powers such as China, Russia, and : Few issues in international affairs and energy security animate thinkers more than the classic topic of hegemony, and the case of the Persian Gulf presents particularly fertile ground for considering this concept. Since the s, the region has undergone tumultuous changes, with dramatic shifts in the diplomatic, military, and economic roles of the United States, China, and Russia. Novem the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan and the.   Read "Defending U.S. National Interests in the Persian Gulf: Going Light - Seabasing, Counterterrorism, Special Operations Forces, Djibouti, Horn of Africa, Maritime Security, Forward Staging in Africa" by Progressive Management available from Brand: Progressive Management.

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Never before has the Persian Gulf region assumed such importance to basic American interests. In the last half century, the Gulf has evolved from an area of peripheral significance to one where events in the region have a direct bearing on security of the U.S.

homeland and on its economic prosperity. Saudi Arabian and other Gulf Arab nationals were involved in the events of September end to the Gulf War, protecting the flow of oil from the Persian Gulf must remain a long term U.S.

national objective. The challenge of protecting U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf has been faced by every U.S. president since the post World War II era. Although the focus has shifted somewhat fromAuthor: Michael S.

Dixon. Policy Paper on U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf - Written from the simulated perspective of the Chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) - Christopher King - Term Paper - Politics - International Politics - Region: USA - Publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay.

"Geoffrey Gresh's book, Gulf Security and the U.S. Military, comes at a crucial time when the Middle East is roiling.

U.S. bases have served the interests of those in and out of the Gulf. They are affected by domestic politics as much as they are affected by regional politics.5/5(1). Get this from a library. U.S.

security interests in the Persian Gulf: report of a staff study mission to the Persian Gulf, Middle East, and Horn of Africa, October Novem to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives.

[George R Berdes; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs,;]. ASSERTING the existence of these three U.S. national interests in the Persian Gulf does not automatically justify all the actions that the United States took to promote them.

Nor does a belief. Get this from a library. ic and energy security interests in the Persian Gulf: hearing before the Subcommittee on Economic Stabilization of the Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, second session, August 7, [United States.

Congress. House. Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs. Who should maintain the future security of the Persian Gulf. This question looms large in the minds of policymakers in the United States, Western Europe, Japan and, of course, the Persian Gulf states.

The fact that this question is raised with a deep sense of urgency in numerous capitals of the world indicates the extent to which Iran was perceived as having ensured Gulf security before the Cited by: June The British military withdrawal from the Persian Gulf, U.S. Twin Pillar Strategy, and the indulgence of the Shah of Iran Readings: Gause book, “The Emergence of the Gulf Regional System,” pp.

Hahn book, pp. ; throughout the Persian Gulf. The United Sta tes also retains several dozen personnel in Oman and an advisory presence in Saudi Arabia.

To strike the Islamic State, the United States and its allies have stepped up cooperation with Turkey and bombed from bases File Size: KB. Professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction, this unique book examines two ways that the U.S.

might be able to secure its interests in the Gulf using a minimalist approach. The two methods evaluated are using sea. GARY G.

SICK is Executive Director of the Gulf/ Project at Columbia University, where he is also Adjunct Professor of International Affairs. He formerly served on the U.S.

National Security Council as the principal White House aide for Persian Gulf Affairs from to /5(1). The U.S. began a buildup of its military presence in the region to deter what it regards as a planned campaign of belligerency by Iran and its non-state allies to attack American forces and interests in the gulf and Iraq.

PMF and Kata'ib Hezbollah were targeted by U.S. airstrikes, claiming their proxy belligerent role on the orders of Iran. In JuneIran shot down an American RQ-4A.

U.S. Naval Academy Professor Jeffrey Macris talks about his book, The Politics and Security of the Gulf: Anglo-American Hegemony and the Shaping of. The U.S. must determine how best to promote long-term security and stability in the Persian Gulf region while seeking to reduce the risks and costs imposed by its role as a permanent regional power—particularly vis-à-vis Iraq's future, the role of Iran, asymmetric threats, regional tensions, and the roles of other external actors.

My work on these issues will result in a book on changing U.S. interests in the Middle East and suggest that the United States needs to define its interests with greater precision, while finding a.

Most Persian Gulf Arabs and their leaders felt threatened after Iraq’s seizure of Kuwait and were grateful for the strong U.S.

leadership in the war against Saddam Hussein’s regime. At the same time, there is an enormous amount of cynicism regarding U.S. motives in waging that war. The Persian Gulf is a different matter entirely.

Iran cannot be allowed to dominate the region, and the continued safety of energy exports from the Gulf is a core US National Security priority. Afghanistan is a war of choice – defending the Persian Gulf is a necessity. Before giving you my list of American vital interests, let me first touch upon the growing drift in U.S.

foreign policy since the end of the Cold War. In other words, let's review current policy. Iran and the United States are both interested in upholding the Persian Gulf’s maritime security, combating extremist groups, and ensuring the free flow of oil and energy; these areas of mutual.

Significant changes lie ahead for U.S. security strategy in the Persian Gulf after almost a decade of stasis. In the decade between the Gulf War and the Septemterrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, the strategy of dual containment of Iraq and Iran was a key driver of U.S.

military planning and force posture. General Mattis spoke about U.S. national security interests and challenges to national security in the Middle East.

Book TV Weekends on C Persian Gulf and Middle East Security Issues. the Persian Gulf. The chapters in this book offer a timely and sustainable roadmap for a new U.S. strategy and military posture in the region. The presence of U.S.

forces in the Persian Gulf, particularly in Saudi Arabia, has been a highly contentious issue in the Arab world since the Persian Gulf War of @article{osti_, title = {Arab - American relations in the Persian Gulf}, author = {Nakhleh, E A}, abstractNote = {The Saudi decision during the October War to combine oil and politics and to relate the flow of Saudi oil to American Middle Eastern policies marked a major deviation from a long-standing policy.

This has resulted in a major re-thinking of U.S. interests and long-range. The Economic Costs of Persian Gulf Oil Supply Disruptions Kenneth R. Vincent 4. Saudi Arabian Oil and U.S. Interests Thomas W. Lippman 5. After America: The Flow of Persian Gulf Oil in the Absence of the U.S. Military Force Joshua Rovner 6.

U.S. Spending on its Military Commitments to the Persian Gulf Eugene Gholz 7. U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf are vital to our national security.

These interests include access to oil and the security of key states in the region, The United States will defend its vital interests in the area, through the use of force if necessary, against any power with interests [unfriendly] to our Size: 4MB. sanctions represents U.S. economic war against Iran.

Iran’s leaders say that the U.S. military presence in and around the Persian Gulf region reflects intent to intimidate or attack Iran.3 Iran’s leaders have described U.S.

support for regional Sunni Arab regimes as empowering radical Sunni Islamist groups such as the Islamic State As head of the elite Quds brigade of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corp, Soleimani was seen as the biggest single threat to U.S.

foreign policy interests in the region. Tensions and security are already high around oil, which has become a target over the last 12 months in the Persian Gulf and its. Easing of tensions between the U.S.

and China and the USSR in Carter Doctrine Asserted the United States' determination to protect its interests in the Persian Gulf. "In Gulf Security and the US Military, Geoffrey F. Gresh makes an important contribution to studies of American overseas military basing policy and US security assistance; he also adds to an increasingly rich literature on the strategic significance of the Persian Gulf to America's global securityGeoffrey Gresh's new book is an excellent start to what is certain to be an important and.

Inafter a decade of enormous increases in the price of oil, U.S. influence in the oil-rich Persian Gulf region declined sharply. Early in the year the Iranian revolution replaced the shah, t.This book summarizes likely challenges to U.S.

interests in the Persian Gulf, identifies key uncertainties and trends, and assesses the implications of those trends for the United by: 7.Book Description. Robert J. Pauly, Jr examines the history of US foreign policy toward the Greater Middle East in general and focuses specifically on the fundamental economic, military and political causes of the Persian Gulf crisis.